Infection due to Helicobacter Pylori

Infection due to Helicobacter Pylori

English | Español More than just an infection. What exactly is Helicobacter Pylori? H. Pylori is a spiral shaped bacterium, identified first in 1980, that requires a highly acidic environment to live. Its mode of transmission is oral. Infection with H. Pylori is common. It is estimated that two-thirds of the world’s adult population is…

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Pseudocyst in pancreas

Pseudocyst in pancreas

It is common for fluid that results from inflammatory response to build up around the pancreas after a case of acute pancreatitis. These collections of fluid are called ‘pseudocysts’ and cause persistent pain in the pit of the stomach, nausea, vomit, and can present jaundice (yellow coloration of the skin and sclera, the white part of the eye). When these collections of fluid grow or become infected, they can generate increase in pain, fever, and loss of appetite.

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Stones in bile ducts

Stones in bile ducts

Stones formed in the gallbladder can move into the duct that normally transports bile from the liver to the intestine. This condition is normally accompanied by pain that resembles a cramp right under the ribs on the right side, itching spread throughout the body, and the skin begins to turn yellow because of the increased collection of bile in the body.

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Hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids

The term hemorrhoids describes the presence of blood vessels or dilated veins in the mucous and skin surrounding the anus. Their presence commonly cause itching, pain, swelling, and bleeding. The majority of the cases occur to people that are chronically constipated.

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Colon polyps

Colon polyps

A colon polyp resembles a wart that has formed in the interior of the color or large intestine. In most cases, polyps do not bring forth any symptoms. However, as the polyp grows it begins to degenerate into cancerous tissue, and eventually low levels of blood start to be manifested in stool occasionally. It is common to confuse these small signs of bleeding during the initial stages of polyps with some type of anal fissure or hemorrhoid, and patients will frequently try to solve the problem with over-the-counter medications without giving it much importance. In this cases, this allows the lesion to continue its growth, increasing the risk to the patient.

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Inflammatory colon conditions

Inflammatory colon conditions

Their cause is still unclear. These conditions cause an immune reaction in which the body detects different parts of the digestive tract, depending on the condition, as foreign. The intestine presents an inflammatory reaction seen in the internal walls as swelling, as well as in ulcers with high risk of bleeding. Symptoms include frequent diarrhea, which might include mucous and fresh blood, weight loss, and anemia. If the conditions continue in their progress, they may result in colon cancer.

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Digestive Hemorrhage

Digestive Hemorrhage

Digestive hemorrhage is first seen as the presence of blood in vomit or in stools, depending on the site of origin of the bleeding.
The most frequent causes of gastric bleeding include gastric ulcers or varicose veins in the esophagus. Depending on the severity of the bleeding, this might place the patient’s life at risk. An endoscopic procedure done to stop hemorrhage reduces the patient’s risk and helps avoid blood transfusions and reduce length of hospital stay.

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Achalasia

Achalasia

It is manifested as the inability to swallow food from the esophagus to the stomach, usually with the presence of nausea and frequent vomiting, weight loss, and malnutrition. The specific cause is not well defined but is attributed to the valve-like muscle at the end of the esophagus, which does not relax to allow the food to be emptied into the stomach. This condition can be resolved through surgery. However, an endoscopic procedure can also provide a solution that may result in less discomfort and reduced hospital stay. In it, a medical-grade balloon is introduced via the endoscope to expand the affected area, completing in one or multiple sessions the complete dilation of the affected muscle.

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Difficulty swallowing

Difficulty swallowing

Also known as dysphagia, it describes difficulty or complete inability to swallow food from the esophagus to the stomach. The most frequent cause of this condition is the inflammation of the esophagus due to the return of acid from the stomach. Other causes of dysphagia include stenosis and tumors. Dysphagia is resolved according to its specific origin, and can include medical treatment, esophageal dilation, or placement of stent or prothesis via endoscopy.

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Thoracic pain of non-cardiac origin

Thoracic pain of non-cardiac origin

This is intense chest pain accompanied by a sensation of tightness or pressure, similar to the sensation felt during a heart attack. The primary cause of this group of symptoms is acid reflux, and can only be told apart from a heart attack with an electrocardiogram (ECG). If the ECG displays normal results, the problem can be attributed to the digestive system. In this case, an endoscopic procedure is an important tool to diagnose the specific cause of digestive disease and provide the proper treatment.

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